FEFICORWA has 8 unions and 92 primary cooperatives.
The subsector presented the following situation :
(i) Slow and inadequate Implementation of policies and frameworks statutory to spur the needed development ;
(ii) Lack of a central fisheries management agency ;
(iii) Lack of a fish-eating tradition that did not consider fish as a high-value commodity,
(iv) Poor regulatory framework of the fishing effort and fishing methods ;
(v) Uncoordinated and unfocussed development projects leading to unsustainable outputs. Rwanda is endowed with an extensive hydrological system, eight percent of the entire country (210,000 ha) is covered by water, Lakes occupy about 128,000 ha, rivers about 7,260 ha, and water in wetlands and valleys occupies about 77,000 ha ;
(vi) There are several facilities and stations throughout the country for aquaculture extension, research, and management, Very good national macroeconomic policies.
The subsector is suffering from the following issues :
• Almost total depletion of natural fish stocks through overfishing ;
• Fishing cooperatives that are geared towards harvesting with no inputs into the fisheries.
• Lack of private sector investments in the sub-sector ;
• Lack of institutions for the management of research and insufficient advisory services ;
• There is no reliable data on the size of the fish stocks to guide management decisions ;
• Lack of clear sector leadership and representation at national, regional bodies and international for a such as the CIFAA of FAO and Poor linkage of aquaculture and other agriculture production systems ;
• Insufficient human resources to steer the sector and aquaculture technologies and innovations ;
• Significant high post-harvest losses of the little fish harvested from the lakes, Introduction of some species without adequate studies in contravention to CBD and FAO code for responsible fisheries ;